During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.The remains of the Holy Roman Empire formed the German Confederation in 1815, while the German revolutions of 1848–49 established major democratic rights first.
With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union.
After the United States, it is the second most popular immigration destination in the world.
Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, philosophers, musicians, sportspeople, entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers, and inventors.
The German term Deutschland, originally diutisciu land ("the German lands") is derived from deutsch (cf.
Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world.After the end of World War II in Europe and a period of Allied occupation, two German states were founded: the democratic Federal Republic of Germany (commonly known as West Germany) and the socialist German Democratic Republic (commonly known as East Germany).On the 3rd of October 1990, the country was reunified.is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate.Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.